Via Toledo is one of the main streets of Naples and is about 1.2 kilometers long.
The route starts from Piazza Dante and ends in Piazza Trieste e Trento. Along the road branching off other major streets, squares, churches and palaces. The street is one of the destinations of the Neapolitan shopping and cultural life since the sixteenth century.
It was commissioned by the viceroy Pedro Alvarez de Toledo in 1536 and designed by architects Ferdinando Manlio and Giovanni Benincasa. The road ran along the old city wall west of the Aragonese period, which for defensive ampliations made by Don Pedro, was made obsolete and therefore eliminated.
Over the centuries, its reputation has been enhanced by the journeys of the Grand Tour and some quotes in Neapolitan songs.
May 15, 1848, the street was the scene of repression of Ferdinand II against the Neapolitan liberals who defended the constitution recently obtained.They were erected barricades that were espugnate by Swiss mercenaries of the army, with numerous deaths and the subsequent looting of Palazzo Cirella.
From 18 October 1870 to 1980, the road is called Via Roma in honor of the new capital of the Kingdom of Italy.
In 2012 it is inaugurated the station "Toledo" of the Naples Metro. The road section between Via Armando Diaz and Piazza Trieste e Trento has become pedestrian.
The road was also cited by Stendhal, who wrote "I'm leaving. I will not forget neither via Toledo, nor all the other districts in Naples; in my eyes is, beyond comparison, the most beautiful city in the universe." (from Rome, Naples, Florence, edited by H. Marineau, Paris, Le divan, 1927 vol. III, p. 22, note 8 March 1817)
List of the main monuments
The road is one of the main attractions in the city offering a large number of monuments, palaces and churches, as well as joining two major town squares.
Among the major sites of historical and architectural interest that are located along Via Toledo, they should be mentioned, starting from Piazza Trieste e Trento to rise up in Piazza Dante:
- Palazzo Cirella;
- Galleria Umberto I;
- Palazzo Berio;
- Palazzo Barbaja;
- Palazzo De Sinno;
- Palazzo del Banco di Napoli;
- Palazzo Zevallos;
- Palazzo Monaco di Lapio;
- Palazzo Lieto;
- Palazzo Tocco di Montemiletto;
- Palazzo della Banca Nazionale del Lavoro;
- Chiesa di Santa Maria delle Grazie a Toledo;
- Palazzo Buono;
- Palazzo Cavalcanti;
- Palazzo del Nunzio Apostolico;
- Palazzo Trabucco;
- Palazzo Mastelloni;
- Palazzo dell'INA;
- Palazzo Della Porta;
- Chiesa di San Nicola alla Carità;
- Palazzo del Conservatorio dello Spirito Santo;
- Palazzo Doria d'Angri;
- Basilica dello Spirito Santo;
- Palazzo De Rosa.